Rule 14-802 of the Rules Governing the Utah State Bar creates an exception to the authorization to practice law for an LPP. The exception permits an LPP to assist a client only in the practice areas for which the LPP is licensed. The rule limits an LPP’s possible practice areas to:
- Specific family law matters, such as temporary separation, divorce, parentage, cohabitant abuse, civil stalking, custody and support, or name change;
- Forcible entry and detainer; and
- Debt collection matters in which the dollar amount at issue does not exceed the statutory limit for small claims cases.
Rule 14-802 also enumerates permissible actions for LPPs within the practice areas. Under this rule, an LPP may:
- Enter into a contractual relationship with a natural person (LPPs cannot represent corporations);
- Interview a client to determine the client’s needs and goals;
- Assist a client with completing approved forms and obtaining documents to support those forms;
- Review documents of another party and explain those documents to a client;
- Inform, counsel, assist and advocate for a client in a mediated negotiation;
- Complete a settlement agreement, sign the form and serve the written settlement agreement;
- Communicate with another party or the party’s representative regarding the relevant forms and matters; and
- Explain to a client the court’s order and how it affects the client’s rights and obligations.